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TRANSLATIONS

GENESIS 1

Verse 1:2

English Standard Version
The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

Use in other verses

Ge 1:4  And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness.

Ge 1:5  God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.

Ge 1:18  to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good.

2 Sa 22:12  He made darkness around him his canopy, thick clouds, a gathering of water.

2 Sa 22:29  For you are my lamp, O Lord , and my God lightens my darkness.

Job 10:21  before I go— and I shall not return— to the land of darkness and deep shadow,

Job 12:22  He uncovers the deeps out of darkness and brings deep darkness to light.

Job 15:22  He does not believe that he will return out of darkness, and he is marked for the sword.

Job 15:23  He wanders abroad for bread, saying, ‘Where is it?’ He knows that a day of darkness is ready at his hand;

Job 15:30  he will not depart from darkness; the flame will dry up his shoots, and by the breath of his mouth he will depart.

Job 17:12  They make night into day: ‘The light,’ they say, ‘is near to the darkness.’

GENESIS 1

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia  

Darkness

1. Darkness and Light in Palestine

There the day does not slowly fade away into the night after a period of twilight, but before sunset there is the brightness of day, and when the sun has disappeared everything has changed and night is at hand. From sunset until the darkness of night is less than an hour.

 

2. Symbolic Uses

In the Bible the main use of darkness is in contrast to light. Light is the symbol of God’s purity, wisdom and glory. Darkness is the opposite. Miraculous occurrence of darkness in the land of Egypt for three days is recorded in Ex 10:21, 22, and at the death of Christ (Mt 27:45). see Plagues; Eclipse.

The fig. uses of darkness are many and various. It is used as a symbol (a) of moral depravity and its punishment. The wicked walk and work in darkness (Ps 82:5; Prov 2:13; Jn 3:19; Rom 13:12), and their reward is to “sit in darkness” (Ps 107:10) or to be “cast forth into the outer darkness” (Mt 8:12); (b) of things mysterious or inexplicable (1 K 8:12; Ps 97:2); (c) of trouble and affliction (2 S 22:29; Job 5:14; Prov 20:20; Isa 9:2; cf Gen 15:12); (d) of punishment (Lam 3:2; Ezk 32:8; Zeph 1:15); (e) of death (1 S 2:9; Job 10:21 f; Eccl 11:8); (f) of nothingness (Job 3:4–6); (g) of human ignorance (Job 19:8; 1 Jn 2:11).

“A dark [RVm “sqnalid”] place” (2 Pet 1:19) refers esp. to the state of things described in ch 2.

REFERENCE

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